• Course Benchmarks

 Mathematics Health Science Language Arts Social Studies US History II World History and Cultures Spanish IIA Drama SAT Verbal

Math Benchmarks

Separated by Course:

1. The student will be able to use position words to identify locations and to classify objects.
2. The student will be able to use attributes such as color, size and shape to sort objects and create graphs using real objects or pictures of objects.
3. The student will be able to use attributes and sorting skills to explore patterns and develop logical reasoning.
4. The student will be able to recognize and write numbers 0 to 5 and use grouping strategies to explore and count numbers through 5.
5. The student will be able to count, order and compare numbers to 10 and to write numbers to 10.
6. The student will be introduced to measurement concepts and explore the units of measurement for the attributes of length, capacity and weight.
7. The student will develop a number sense through exploring solids, shapes and sharing.
8. The student will discover patterns using ten-frames to represent numbers to 10 and use numbers to 20 to estimate and verify measurement.
9. The student will be introduced to time concepts, using sequence words and clocks and be able to identify, count and compare coins.
10. The student will be able to join, separate, or compare groups using numbers to describe them.
11. The student will be able to add and subtract numbers to 10.
12. The student will be able to explore and write numbers to 31.

1. The student will be able to identify, write, count, and compare numbers 1 to 12; to analyze and interpret data.
2. The student will be able to develop addition and subtraction readiness.
3. The student will be able to develop addition and subtraction strategies.
4. The student will be able to understand and utilize the various forms of measurement and their usage in daily life.
5. The student will be able to estimate, group and count numbers to 100; to explore counting patterns.
6. The student will be able to explore the concept of tens and ones in order to develop an understanding of place value.
7. The student will be able to understand the concept of money and relate it to its use in everyday life.
8. The student will be able to tell time to the hour, half hour, use a calendar, and solve problems involving time.
9. The student will be able to develop an understanding of geometric shapes and fractions; to explore probability.
10. The student will be able to extend addition and subtraction fact strategies to 18.

1. The student will be able to build knowledge of number sense and graphing
2. The student will be able to develop basic addition and subtraction concepts.
3. The student will further develop and learn addition and subtraction facts and strategies.
4. The students will utilize estimation strategies, explore place value and patterns to 100.
5. The student will manipulate, identify and count money.
6. The student will learn and utilize the concept of time.
7. The student will develop an understanding of two/three digit addition and subtraction.
8. The student will develop an understanding of numbers to 1,000.
9. The student will be able to utilize varying forms of measurement.
10. The student will identify the attributes of geometric shapes and solids.
11. The student will be able to identify and understand the concept of fractions.
12. The student will develop a basic understanding of multiplication and division concepts.

1. The student will be able to recognize, use and understand addition and subtraction.
2. The student will be able to develop number sense.
3. The student will be able understand the concept of measurement.
4. The student will be able to multiply and divide.
5. The student will be able to collect and record and graph data, and learn about probability.
6. The student will be able to tell time, read schedules and be able to use money.
7. The student will be able to become familiar with geometric figures
8. The student will be able to understand the concept of fractions and decimals.
9. The student will be able to multiply and divide one digit numbers.

1. The student will be able to explore problem solving using whole number operations in addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
2. The student will be able to explore and develop number sense and time concepts.
3. The student will be able to understand that analyzing data helps in making predictions and decisions and to understand the probability of an event.
4. The student will be able to explore ways in which dimensional geometric figures can be described, identified, classified, and constructed; to identify and describe relationships between geometric figures
5. The student will be able to explore the mathematical concept of estimation and measurement of perimeter and area of geometric figures. The student will be able to compare, transform and describe geometrical figures using symmetry and congruence.
6. The student will be able to multiply by a one-digit and a two-digit number.
7. The student will be able to use division in naming the number of parts of a whole and investigate the concept of division naming the number in each part when you know the whole and the number of parts.
8. The student will be able to explore fractions as a part of a whole: and will be able to add, subtract, and compare fractions.
9. The student will be able to order, compare, add, and subtract decimals.
10. The student will be able to require and understand standard and customary forms of measurement..
11. The student will be able to divide by two-digit numbers.
12. The student will be able to create circle graphs, identify fractions and decimals in a circle graph.

1. The student will be able to recognize, use, and understand whole numbers and decimals.
2. The student will be able to multiply, divide, and problem solve.
3. The student will be able to multiply and divide decimals.
4. The student will be able to measure in metrics and customary units.
5. The student will be able to use statistical data, understand graphing, and probability.
6. The student will understand the concept of fractions.
7. The student will be able to add, subtract, and multiply fractions and mixed numbers.
8. The student will be able to identify and solve problems involving geometric figures.
9. The student will understand ratios and percent..
10. The student will review multiplication, division, and fractions in preparation for 6th grade.

1. The student will develop number sense and the ability to perform operations with whole numbers and decimals.
2. The student will develop, apply, and explain procedures for computation and estimation with fractions.
3. The student will identify relationships between objects, and transform and identify geometric figures.
4. The student will develop an understanding of measurement and will use it to describe and analyze phenomena.
5. The student will collect, display, and analyze statistical data to help make predictions, decisions, and to measure probability of situations.
6. The student will develop an understanding of algebraic concepts and processes, and will use them to solve problems.
7. The student will use ratios, proportions, and percents to solve real-life problems.
8. The student will express numbers and number relationships as whole numbers, integers, or rational numbers, and will perform operations with integers.

1. The student will be able to represent numbers in various equivalent forms using integers, fractions, decimals, percents, exponents, and scientific notation.
2. The student will be able to add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers, decimals, and fractions; to apply the order of operations.
3. The student will be able to add, subtract, multiply and divide integers and rational numbers.
4. The student will be able to write and evaluate numerical and algebraic expressions; to write and evaluate one step equations, two step equations, and inequalities.
5. The student will be able to measure length, area, and volume both directly and indirectly; to express algebraic relationships geometrically and graphically.
6. The student will be able to identify and graph ordered pairs, relations, and functions; to solve and graph linear equations.
7. The student will be able to use ratios and rates in real world applications; to change ratios to percents.
8. The student will be able to use geometric figures to explore relationships; to use geometric models to solve problems.
9. The student will be able to collect, analyze, and display data in a variety of ways; to find and express the probability of an event.
10. The student will be able to describe, classify, and draw geometric figures; transform geometric figures through translations, reflections, dilations, and rebuilding.

1. The student will be able to operate with real numbers, including finding products and quotients of powers, square roots, and working with numbers written in scientific notation.
2. The student will be able to relate decimals, fractions, ratios, percents, and proportions; can find unit rates and problem solve using estimation, equations, and proportions.
3. The student will be able to operate using integers; use negative exponents including applications of scientific notation.
4. The student will be able to operate using rational numbers.
5. The student will be able to identify expressions, equations, inequalities; evaluate expressions; and translate, write, and combine like terms in algebraic expressions.
6. The student will be able to solve algebraic equations and inequalities; and graph equations and inequalities.
7. The student will be able to construct tessellation patterns; make models of solid figures; identify Archimedean and equiangular spirals and helices; and generate fractal patterns.
8. The student will be able to represent measurement patterns using equations and tables; predict whether a fraction is a terminating or repeating decimal; extend divisibility patterns to decimals; and recognize patterns on a calculator.
9. The student will be able to identify and write algebraic expressions for arithmetic and geometric sequences and find patterns in the Fibonacci sequence.
10. The student will be able to describe and compare geometric figures using similarity.
11. The student will be able to operate using percent and apply percent to real life situations.
12. The student will be able to use statistics to make predictions and decisions; use statistics to describe and interpret the world around us; find probability and use it to solve real life problems; and compare experimental results with expectation found in mathematical models.
13. The student will be able to measure in one, two, and three dimensions; describe changes in two and three dimensions using measurement formulas; and measure through indirect reference.
14. The student will be able to graph linear equations using slopes and intercepts; solve a system of equations; and represent linear and nonlinear functions with tables of values, ordered pairs, and graphs.
15. The student will be able to model, classify, evaluate, simplify, add, and subtract polynomials.

Algeom I
1. The student will be able to gain an understanding of the concepts of expressions, equations, and functions.
2. The student will be able to perform operations on rational numbers and to translate verbal sentences and problems into equations or formulas.
3. The student will be able to solve linear equations.
4. The student will be able to apply the process of mathematical modeling to real world problem situations.
5. The student will be able to investigate and graph relations and functions.
6. The student will be able to analyze linear equations.
7. The student will be able to solve and analyze linear inequalities.
8. The student will be able to solve systems of linear equations.

Algeom II
1. The student will be able to perform operations with monomials and polynomials.
2. The student will be able to factor polynomials and solve quadratic equations.
3. The student will be able to explore quadratic and exponential functions.
4. The student will be able to describe and analyze data and predict future events.
5. The student will be able to make conjectures based on observations and information using inductive reasoning.
6. The student will be able to identify and model basic geometric figures.
7. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of parallel, perpendicular and intersecting lines.
8. The student will be able to identify and apply properties of triangles.

Algeom III
1. The student will be able to make conjectures based on observations and information and to formulate counter-examples to disprove an argument.
2. The student will be able to understand and apply the basic undefined terms of geometry: points, lines, and planes.
3. The student will be able to use deductive reasoning to draw conclusions.
4. The student will be able to apply of properties of parallel lines.
5. The student will be able to identify, describe, compare and classify triangles.
6. The student will be able to understand and apply congruent triangles.
7. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of quadrilaterals.
8. The student will be able to understand and apply the concepts of proportion and similarity
9. The student will be able to understand the properties of right triangle and apply the trigonometric ratios.
10. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of circles.
11. The student will be able to understand properties of polygons and find their respective areas.
12. The student will be able to understand and apply the concepts of surface area and volume of solid figures.
13. The student will be able to explore the relationships among geometric transformations, tessellations, and congruence and similarity.
14. The student will be able to use inequalities and indirect reasoning to reach conclusions.
15. The student will be able to use inequalities and indirect reasoning to reach conclusions.
16. 16. The student will be able to recognize geometry as integral to the development of all cultures and civilizations, and in particular to that of our own society.

Algebra I (Dynamics of)
1. The student will be able to understand the relationship between data, functions, and their graphs.
2. The student will be able to perform operations on real numbers.
3. The student will be able to solve one variable equations.
4. The student will be able to graph and write linear equations.
5. The student will be able to solve systems of linear equations.
6. The student will be able to solve inequalities.
7. The student will be able to perform operations with square roots.
8. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of exponents and exponential functions.
9. The student will be able to classify and perform operations with polynomials.
10. The student will be able to understand, graph, and solve quadratic equations and functions.
11. The student will be able to analyze statistics and calculate probability.

Algebra I
1. The student will be able to understand the relationship between data, functions, and their graphs.
2. The student will be able to perform operations on real numbers.
3. The student will be able to solve equations in one variable.
4. The student will be able to graph and write linear equations.
5. The student will be able to solve systems of linear equations.
6. The student will be able to solve inequalities.
7. The student will be able to perform operations with square roots.
8. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of exponents and exponential functions.
9. The student will be able to classify and perform operations with polynomials.
10. The student will be able to understand, graph, and solve quadratic equations and functions.
11. The student will be able to analyze statistics and calculate probability.

Algebra I (Honors)
1. The student will be able to understand the relationship between data, functions, and their graphs.
2. The student will be able to perform operations on real numbers.
3. The student will be able to solve variable equations.
4. The student will be able to graph and write linear equations.
5. The student will be able to solve systems of linear equations and inequalities.
6. The student will be able to solve inequalities.
7. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of exponents, radicals, and exponential functions.
8. The student will be able to classify and perform operations with polynomials.
9. The student will be able to understand, graph, and solve quadratic equations and functions.
10. The student will be able to analyze statistics and calculate probability.
11. The student will be able to apply concepts involving ratio and proportion.

Geometry (Dynamics of)
1. The student will be able to make conjectures based on observations and information and to formulate counter-examples to disprove an argument.
2. The student will understand and apply the basic undefined terms of geometry: points, line, and planes.
3. The student will be able to use deductive reasoning to draw conclusions.
4. The student will be able to apply properties of parallel and perpendicular lines.
5. The student will be able to identify, describe, compare and classify triangles.
6. The student will be able to understand and apply congruent triangles.
7. The student will be able to understand and apply the concepts of proportion and similarity.
8. The student will be able to understand and apply right triangles and trigonometry.
9. The student will be able to describe geometric objects algebraically and interpret algebraic equations geometrically.
10. The student will be able to explore the relationships among geometric transformations, tessellations, congruence and similarity.
11. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of quadrilaterals.
12. The student will be able to understand polygons and related areas.
13. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of circles.
14. The student will be able to understand and apply the concepts of surface area and volume of solid figures.
15. The student will be able to recognize geometry as integral to the development of all cultures and civilizations, and in particular to that of our own society.
16. The student will be able to use mathematical tools to enhance thinking and understanding.
17. The students will be able to compare and contrast Euclidean geometry to other geometries.
18. The students will be able to succeed on cumulative assessments.

Geometry
1. The student will be able to make conjectures based on observations and information and to formulate counter-examples to disprove an argument.
2. The student will understand and apply the basic undefined terms of geometry: points, line, and planes.
3. The student will be able to use deductive reasoning to draw conclusions.
4. The student will be able to apply properties of parallel and perpendicular lines.
5. The student will be able to identify, describe, compare and classify triangles.
6. The student will be able to understand and apply congruent triangles.
7. The student will be able to understand and apply the concepts of proportion and similarity.
8. The student will be able to understand and apply right triangles and trigonometry.
9. The student will be able to describe geometric objects algebraically and interpret algebraic equations geometrically.
10. The student will be able to explore the relationships among geometric transformations, tessellations, congruence and similarity.
11. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of quadrilaterals.
12. The student will be able to understand polygons and related areas.
13. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of circles.
14. The student will be able to understand and apply the concepts of surface area and volume of solid figures.
15. The student will be able to recognize geometry as integral to the development of all cultures and civilizations, and in particular to that of our own society.
16. The student will be able to use mathematical tools to enhance thinking and understanding.
17. The students will be able to compare and contrast Euclidean geometry to other geometries.

Geometry (Honors)
1. The student will be able to make conjectures based on observations and information and to formulate counter-examples to disprove an argument.
2. The student will understand and apply the basic undefined terms of geometry: points, line, and planes.
3. The student will be able to use deductive reasoning to draw conclusions.
4. The student will be able to apply properties of parallel and perpendicular lines.
5. The student will be able to identify, describe, compare and classify triangles.
6. The student will be able to understand and apply congruent triangles.
7. The student will be able to understand and apply the concepts of proportion and similarity.
8. The student will be able to understand and apply right triangles and trigonometry.
9. The student will be able to describe geometric objects algebraically and interpret algebraic equations geometrically.
10. The student will be able to explore the relationships among geometric transformations, tessellations, congruence and similarity.
11. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of quadrilaterals.
12. The student will be able to understand polygons and related areas.
13. The student will be able to understand and apply properties of circles.
14. The student will be able to understand and apply the concepts of surface area and volume of solid figures.
15. The student will be able to recognize geometry as integral to the development of all cultures and civilizations, and in particular to that of our own society.
16. The student will be able to use mathematical tools to enhance thinking and understanding.
17. The students will be able to compare and contrast Euclidean geometry to other geometries.
18. The student will be able to locate and describe points in space.

Algebra II (Dynamics of)
1. The student will be able to analyze models, functions, and permutations.
2. The student will be able to understand and graph linear relationships and functions.
3. The student will be able to perform operations on matrices.
4. The student will be able to solve systems of linear equations and inequalities.
5. The student will be able to analyze and graph quadratic functions.
6. The student will be able to analyze and graph polynomial functions.
7. The student will be able to understand and use exponential and logarithmic functions.
8. The student will be able to analyze rational expressions and functions.
9. The student will be able to analyze and graph conic sections.

Algebra II
1. The student will be able to analyze models, functions, and permutations.
2. The student will be able to understand and graph linear relationships and functions.
3. The student will be able to perform operations on matrices.
4. The student will be able to solve systems of linear equations and inequalities.
5. The student will be able to analyze and graph quadratic functions.
6. The student will be able to analyze and graph polynomial functions.
7. The student will be able to understand and use exponential and logarithmic functions.
8. The student will be able to analyze rational expressions and functions.
9. The student will be able to analyze and graph conic sections.

Algebra II (Honors)
1. The student will be able to organize and analyze data into mathematical models and make predictions.
2. The student will be able to analyze and solve linear equations and inequalities.
3. The student will be able to solve systems of linear equations and inequalities.
4. The student will be able to understand and operate on real and complex numbers.
5. The student will be able to analyze and graph quadratic functions.
6. The student will be able to analyze and graph conic sections.
7. The student will be able to investigate roots and powers.
8. The student will be able to analyze and graph polynomial functions.
9. The student will be able to understand and use exponential and logarithmic functions.
10. The student will be able to solve and analyze linear inequalities.
11. The student will be able to solve systems of linear equations.

Trigonometry/Mathematical Analysis (Dynamics of)
1. The student shall be able to understand and apply linear, quadratic and polynomial functions.
2. The student shall be able to understand and apply exponential and logarithmic functions.
3. The student shall be able to understand and apply periodic functions.
4. The student shall be able to identify and sketch conic sections.
5. The student shall be able to interpret graphs using their equations and use information from the graphs to solve real-world applications.
6. The student shall be able to choose and apply an appropriate algebraic, geometric or trigonometric approach to problem solving.
7. The student shall be able to solve discrete mathematics problems involving sequences and series.
8. The student shall be able to determine the best use of technology, if any, to solve problems.
9. The student shall be able to communicate mathematical ideas effectively.
10. The student shall be able to understand the concept of limits of functions.

Trigonometry/Mathematical Analysis
1. The student shall be able to understand and apply exponential and logarithmic functions.
2. The student shall be able to understand trigonometric functions and solve trigonometric equations.
3. The student shall be able to interpret graphs using their equations and use information from the graphs to solve real-world applications.
4. The student shall be able to choose and apply an appropriate algebraic, geometric or trigonometric approach to problem solving.
5. The student shall be able to solve discrete mathematics problems involving sequences and series.
6. The student shall be able to solve data analysis problems involving combinatorics and probability.
7. The student shall be able to determine the best use of technology, if any, to solve problems.
8. The student shall be able to communicate mathematical ideas effectively.
9. The student shall be able to understand the concept of limits of functions.

Trigonometry/Mathematical Analysis (Honors)
1. The student shall be able to understand and apply exponential and logarithmic functions.
2. The student shall be able to understand trigonometric functions and solve trigonometric equations.
3. The student shall be able to interpret graphs using their equations and use information from the graphs to solve real-world applications.
4. The student shall be able to choose and apply an appropriate algebraic, geometric or trigonometric approach to problem solving.
5. The student shall be able to solve discrete mathematics problems involving sequences and series.
6. The student shall be able to solve data analysis problems involving combinatorics and probability.
7. The student shall be able to determine the best use of technology, if any, to solve problems.
8. The student shall be able to communicate mathematical ideas effectively.
9. The student shall be able to understand the concept of limits of functions.

Calculus Honors
1. The student will be able to solve problems involving functions.
2. The student will be able to find the rates of change and limits for functions.
3. The student will be able to find and graph derivatives of a function.
4. The student will be able to use applications of derivatives.
5. The student will be able to find the definite integral of a function.
6. The student will be able to solve differential equation and use mathematical modeling.
7. The student will be able to solve problems involving definite integrals and L'Hopital's Rule.

1. The student will be able to solve problems involving functions.
2. The student will be able to understand and apply the concepts of limits and continuity.
3. The student will be able to understand and apply the concept of a derivative.
4. The student will be able to apply the derivative to solve various types of problems.
5. The student will be able to develop, understand and apply the indefinite and definite integral.
6. The student will be able to solve problems using differential equations and mathematical modeling.
7. The student will be able to solve problems involving definite integrals and L’Hopital’s Rule

Probability & Statistics
1. The students will understand the nature of probability and statistics.
2. The students will be able to understand and apply frequency distributions and graphs.
3. The students will be able to understand and apply data description techniques.
4. The students will be able to understand and apply counting techniques.
5. The students will be able to understand and apply probability rules.
6. The students will be able to understand and apply probability distributions.
7. The students shall be able to understand and apply the normal distribution.
8. The students will be able to understand and apply confidence intervals and sample sizes.
9. The students will be able to plan a study and decide what to measure and how to accomplish their task.
10. The students shall be able to understand and apply hypothesis testing.
11. The students will be able to test the differences among means, variances, and proportions.
12. The students will be able to understand and apply correlation and regression.

Computer Programming I
1. The student will be able to use and understand fundamental computer concepts.
2. The student will be able to understand and use the Visual Basic Integrated Development Environment.
3. The student will be able to design and implement a GUI.
4. The student will be able to solve problems by writing computer programs.
5. The student will be able to understand and use variables.
6. The student will be able to understand, use appropriately, and format various data types.
7. The student will be able to understand, evaluate, and use statements and expressions.
8. The student will be able to understand and use control statements.
9. The student will be able to understand and use input and output.
10. The student will be able to understand and use graphics.
11. The student will be able to understand the history of computing and programming.
12. The student will be able to understand and make informed decisions about ethical issues confronting programmers.

Computer Programming II
1. The student will be able to use and understand computer systems.
2. The student will be able to understand and use the Java, Eclipse, and BlueJ programming environment.
3. The student will be able to create and use objects and primitive data.
4. The student will be able to understand and use decision control structures.
5. The student will be able to understand and use repetition control structures.
6. The student will be able to write classes.
7. The student will be able to design and implement classes.
8. The student will be able to understand and use arrays including sorting and searching arrays.
9. The student will be able to understand and use inheritance to organize and create classes.
10. The student will be able to understand and use recursion in programming.
11. The student will be able to understand and use data structures to organize and manage information.
12. The student will be able to understand and use data structures including trees, hashtables, sets and maps.
13. The student will be able to understand the case study for the Advanced Placement Test.

Health Benchmarks

Kindergarten
1. The student shall be able to identify potentially dangerous situations involving strangers, crossing the street and playground safety.
2. The student shall identify proper behavior in a fire situation and understand the dangers of matches.
3. The student shall be able to identify proper behavior involving the school bus.
4. The student shall be able to demonstrate proper personal hygiene and dental care.

1. The student shall be able to appreciate themselves for who they are and others their uniqueness.
2. The student shall be able to identify and express feelings, and demonstrate appropriate, non-violent strategies to resolve conflicts.
3. The student shall be able to respect the importance of family and friends and also understand the diversity of family roles.
4. The student shall be able to identify the stages of human development from conception to death.
5. The student shall be able to describe potentially dangerous or threatening situations related to childhood activities, develop personal protection strategies, and cite resources for help.
6. The student shall be able show affection and caring that are appropriate for children.
7. The student shall be able to recognize how dental care and good nutrition makes a healthy child.
8. The student shall be able to describe the basic structure and function of our body systems.
9. The student shall be able to learn about the use and abuse of drugs and alcohol and become aware of their own uniqueness.

1. The student shall recognize an emergency and get help in an emergency.
2. The student shall be able to prevent and/or treat injuries.
3. The student shall be able to appreciate him or herself and recognize the importance of friends.
4. The student shall be able to recognize that there are three areas of a growth and development: physical, mental/emotional, social.
5. The students shall be able identify factors that contribute to good health and demonstrate responsible health behaviors
6. The student will be able to explain why preventative health care is important.
7. The student shall learn about the use, abuse, and effects of drugs and alcohol and become aware of the importance of their relationship.

1. The student shall be able to identify dangerous situations and develop personal protection strategies.
2. The student shall be able to describe the basic structure and function of our body systems.
3. The student shall be able to recognize feelings and their relationship to the family and the outside word.
4. The student shall be able to identify factors that contribute to good nutritional health and demonstrate responsible health behaviors.
5. The student shall be able to learn the physical, mental, and social effects of the use and abuse of drugs and alcohol.

1. The student shall learn and practice safe behaviors.
2. The student shall be able to understand stereotyping in society.
3. The student shall be able to understand the importance of respect for self and others and the necessity for family and friends.
4. The student shall be able to understand the digestive process and recognize the importance of good nutrition.
5. The students shall be able to understand the importance of health services in the community and be able to access them.
6. The student shall learn the importance of proper, personal hygiene.
7. The student shall recognize the life cycle of human being’s and how that impacts on the dynamics of the family.
8. The student shall be able to learn the physical, mental, emotional, and social effects of the use and abuse of drugs and alcohol.

1. The student shall be able to apply strategies to prevent accidents and injury.
2. The student shall be able identify behaviors and attitudes that show respect for family, friends, and oneself.
3. The student shall be able to identify body systems and body parts and describe the functions of each.
4. The student shall be able to recognize good nutrition and make use of the food pyramid and food labels to develop healthy eating habits.
5. The student shall be able to learn the physical, emotional, and social changes that occur during adolescence.
6. The student shall be able to understand the physiology of male and female reproductive systems and be able to use the proper terminology in describing them.
7. The student shall be able to understand that child abuse exists, and be able to develop strategies to deal with child abuse.
8. The student shall be able to understand the process of fertilization and birth, and recognize that each human being goes through the process.
9. The student shall be able to describe the significance of AIDS in our society, and identify the symptoms and causes of AIDS.
10. The student shall be able to learn the physical, mental, and emotional effects of the use and abuse of drugs and alcohol.

1. The s, tudent shall be able to identify ways to prevent injury related to fire, water, and personal safety.
2. Student shall be able to describe a healthy adolescent and discuss factors that support wellness.
3. Student shall be able to identify factors that contribute to a healthful diet, and set goals to improve their eating habits.
4. Student shall be able to identify major diseases, and understand these diseases symptoms, transmission and control.
5. Student shall be able to learn and use appropriate decision making skills.
6. The student shall be able to learn and demonstrate responsible social behavior appropriate to their growth and development.
7. The student shall be able to learn the physical, mental, emotional, and social effects of the use and abuse of drugs and alcohol.

Science Benchmarks

Kindergarten
1. The student will be able to learn about weather and seasonal changes.
2. The student shall be able to recognize characteristics and roles of animals in their environment.
3. The student shall be able to identify and utilize the five senses.
4. The student shall be able to learn about magnets.
5. The student shall be able to understand that water has identifiable properties and interacts with other substances in a variety of ways.
6. The student shall understand how people interact with the environment and can help conserve it.

1. The student will be able to identify and utilize scientific processes a, nd tools in a safe environment.
2. The student will be able to collect and record weather data and to identify various weather conditions.
3. The student will be able to understand the concept of force.
4. The student will be able to understand the structure, characteristics and basic needs of plants and some pond life.

1. The student shall be bale to identify and utilize the scientific processes and tools in a safe environment.
2. Students will be able to investigate materials that make up the earth and the interdependence of living things.
3. Students will understand that ecosystems are environments in which all living and nonliving parts operate as a system.
4. Students will understand the relationship of scientists to scientific ideas.
5. Students will gain an understanding of the evolution and the structure of the universe.
6. Students will be able to investigate how people use the Earth’s land, water, and air; how people can keep the environment clean, and how people can recycle, reduce, and reuse materials.
7. Students will understand the physical world is governed by the properties and interactions of matter and energy.

Language Arts Literacy Benchmarks

1. The student will be able to speak and listen actively and respond for a variety of purposes.
2. The student will be able to explore and develop an understanding of the concepts of print.
3. The student will be able to use the writing process to communicate for a variety of purposes and audiences.
4. The student will be able to read critically in order to construct meaning from written text.
5. The student will be able to view a variety of media to enhance reading, writing, listening, and speaking.
6. The student will be able to utilize and apply research and study skills through thinking, listening, speaking, reading, writing, and viewing.

1. The student will be able to identify subjects and predicates of the four types of sentences and to write complete sentences using appropriate capitalization, punctuation, and vocabulary.
2. The student will be able to write a contrast paragraph using the four steps of the writing process.
3. The student will be able to recognize and use a variety of nouns in order to add specificity to student writing.
4. The student will be able to write a newspaper editorial using the four steps of the writing process.
5. The student will be able to recognize and use verb forms a, nd verb tenses to make student writing interesting and varied. ,
6. The student will be able to recognize the importance of expository writing through the creation of explanatory paragraphs and letters (friendly, business, and informative).
7. The student will be able to recognize pronoun case as to effectively use pronouns to replace repeated nouns.
8. The student will be able to write a personal narrative emphasizing appropriate punctuation, capitalization, and logical sequence.
9. The student will be able to use adjectives to add detail to writing.
10. The student will be able to use the skill of interviewing to write a character sketch with descriptive detail.
11. The student will be able to use adverbs to add detail to writing. The student will be able to write and/or present an oral report using library skills to research the topic.
12. The student will be able to use conjunctions, prepositional phrases, and idiomatic expressions to add conciseness as well as variety to student writing.
13. The student will be able to use reasoning skills and specific words to write a cause-and-effect paragraph.
14. The student will be able to write compound sentences to combine similar ideas.
15. The student will be able to recognize poetic techniques and to write a poem using descriptive language.
16. The student will be able to be able to analyze word meanings through context clues.
17. The student will be able to demonstrate basic study skills and organizational skills.
18. The student will be able to appreciate a wide range of literature.
19. The student will be able to read and understand poetry both silently and orally.
20. The student will be able to improve both listening and speaking skills for a variety of purposes and audiences.
21. The student will be able to decode words with ease, demonstrating phonemic awareness and structural awareness.
22. The student will be able to demonstrate literal comprehension of a variety of texts.

1. The student will be able to read and interpret a variety of texts with fluency and comprehension.
2. The student will be able to use the writing process to communicate in clear, concise, organized language for a variety of audiences and purposes.
3. The student will be able to speak in clear, concise, organized language for a variety of audiences and purposes.
4. The student will be able to listen actively in a variety of situations.
5. The student will be able to view, evaluate, and respond to a variety of media to enhance reading, writing, listening, and speaking.
6. The student will be able to use and apply research and study skills through reading, writing, listening, speaking, and viewing.

Social Studies  Benchmarks

1. The student will be able to learn democratic citizenship and how to participate in the constitutional system of government of the United States.
2. The student will be able to learn democratic citizenship through the humanities, by studying literature, art, history and philosophy and related fields.
3. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of political and diplomatic ideas, forces, and institutions throughout the history of New Jersey, the United States, and the world.
4. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of societal ideas and forces throughout the history of New Jersey, the United States, and the world.
5. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of varying cultures throughout the history of New Jersey, the United States, and the world.
6. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of economic forces, ideas, and institutions throughout the history of New Jersey, the United States, and the world.
7. The student will be able to acquire geographical understanding by studying the world in spatial terms.
8. The student will be able to acquire geographical understanding by studying human systems in geography.
9. The student will be able to acquire geographical understanding by studying the environment and society.

1. The student will be able to acquire geographical understanding by studying the world in spatial terms.
2. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of Native American cultures of North and South America.
3. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of the significance of the major New World discoverers and explorers in the Age of Exploration (1000-1700 AD).
4. The student will be able to understand how historical and contemporary ideas, perception, and occurrences have led to prejudice discrimination, expulsion, genocide, slavery, and the Holocaust.
5. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of the societal ideas and forces in early colonization.
6. The student will be able to acquire geographical understanding of the original colonies in the American Colonial Period.
7. The student will be able to historical understanding of varying cultures in the thirteen original colonies.
8. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of how economic forces can lead to conflicts.
9. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of political ideas, forces, and institutions that led to the American Revolution.
10. The student will be able to learn democratic citizenship and how to participate in the constitutional government of the United States.
11. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of political and diplomatic ideas, forces, and institutions during the American Revolutionary War.
12. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of economic forces, ideas, and institutions from the first Native Americans to the end of the American Revolutionary War.
13. The student will be able to be aware of current events in the local area, state, nation, and world.
14. The student will be able to gain a basic knowledge of Canada.

1. The student will be able to explain the formation of the new U.S. government.
2. The student will be able to explain the growth of America.
3. The student will be able to describe the westward expansion of the United States.
4. The student will be able to identify the events that led to the division of the nation prior to the Civil War.
5. The student will be able to analyze the events and outcome of the Civil War.
6. The student will be able to describe the plan for Reconstruction after the Civil War.
7. The student will be able to describe life in Latin America today.
8. The student will be able to recognize the distinct characteristics of a globe/map and its use in solving geographical problems.
9. The student will be able to understand the forces, ideas, and institutions of general and personal economics.
10. The student will be able to understand the world around her through the use of current events.
11. The student will be able to understand how prejudice hurts each of us as individuals and weakens the group as a whole.

1. The student will be able to have an understanding of the beginning of civilization and the nature of the first civilizations that developed in river valleys.
2. The student will be able to acquire historical understanding of the civilization of Ancient Greece and its contributions to Western civilization.
3. The student will be able to understand the Roman world and its impact on the development of Western civilization.
4. The student will be able to develop an understanding of the changes in life during the Middle Ages and their effect on Western Europe.
5. The student will be able to understand the effects of the Renaissance, Reformation, and the Age of Global Encounters on the development of Western civilization.
6. The student will be able to understand the history and contributions of non-Western civilizations in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and the Americas.
7. The student will be able to improve geographical skills, knowledge, and attitudes.
8. The student will be able to understand the present as well as the past through an ongoing study of current people, places, and events with an emphasis on citizenship.

US History II Benchmarks

1. The student will be able to examine American involvement in world affairs in the late 1800's and discuss the internal debate over imperialism.
2. The student will be able to understand the impact of World War 1 on the world and the United States.
3. The student will be able to understand the changes that occurred in American Society and politics following WW1.
4. The student will be able to understand the events that led to the Great Depression and its political, economic, and social impact on American life.
5. The student will be able to examine the events that led to WWII.
6. The student will be able to understand the role of the US in World War II and discuss the effects on American society.
7. The student will be able to analyze the economic prosperity of the US and the international instability following WWII.
8. The student will be able to examine the domestic problems of the US in the 1960's.
9. The student will be able to trace the origins and evolution of American involvement in Vietnam and the related social, political and economic issues within the US.
10. The student will be able to examine the political, economic and social upheaval of the 1970's.
11. The student will be able to examine the changes in American domestic and foreign policies in the 1980's.
12. The student will be able to identify the major crises facing the US in the world at the end of the 20th century.

World History and Culture Benchmarks
1. The student will be able to identify the five themes of geography: 1) location, 2) place, 3) human-environment interaction, 4) movement and, 5) region utilizing the geography of New Jersey.
2. The student will be able to acquire an understanding of the world at the time of the age of Global Encounters and the social, political, cultural, and economic forces which stimulated these hemispheric interactions.
3. The student will be able to analyze the revolutionary ideas of the Enlightenment, the violent revolutions that brought political and social change to Europe and the Americas, and the start of the Industrial Revolution.
4. The student will be able to analyze the reason for the development of European Imperialism and the impact of Imperialism on traditional cultures, and global economic, social, and political patterns.
5. The student will be able to understand the causes and effects of World War I, how it became a global conflict, and the problems created by the Treaty of Versailles.
6. The student will be able to understand the far-reaching impact of World War I on revolution and nationalism across the globe.
7. The student will be able to analyze the growth of dictatorships as a result of the economic instability caused by World War I, and how this instability led to World War II.
8. The student will be able to understand the causes and effects of World War II, the Holocaust, and how World War II became a global conflict that led to the Cold War.
9. The student will be able to analyze major world events during and after the Cold War. Throughout this goal students will infuse the five themes of geography in this comprehensive analysis.

Spanish IIA Benchmarks

1. The student will be able to recognize common Spanish/English cognates and false cognates.
2. The student will be able to demonstrate comprehension of classroom direction, commands, requests and gestures.
3. The student will be able to make introductions and to use appropriate greetings and farewells in dialogue.
4. The student will be able to recite, memorize and apply the numbers 1-100 in Spanish.
5. The student will be able to express time in various contexts.
6. The student will be able to describe people and their relationships to each other.
7. The student will be able to express likes and dislikes.
8. The student will be able to express actions and activities in the present tense.
9. The student will be able to identify and describe seasons and weather.
10. The student will become familiar with social activities and practices around the Spanish-speaking world.
11. The student will be able to label and describe objects in common environments.
12. The student will be able to label body parts and use related expressions.
13. The student will be able to express location and travel within a local setting.

Drama Benchmarks
1. The student will be able to identify and utilize the various areas of a theater as well as the playing areas of a stage.
2. The student will be able to identify, understand, and implement the principles of pantomime.
3. The student will be able to understand and apply the principles of improvisation and use his voice in a effective manner.
4. The student will be able to present an extemporaneous speech that incorporates acting skills previously studied.
5. The student will create and perform original works for the stage.
6. The student will be able to analyze and portray characters in plays and to identify and describe the use of dramatic conventions in plays.
7. The student will be able to analyze, evaluate, and appreciate the performances of actors and the construction of movies through an examination of classic films.

SAT Verbal Benchmarks

1. The students will be able to extend students' vocabulary through critical reading, word analogy, and sentence completion.
2. The students will be able to demonstrate fluency and comprehension of a variety of texts.
3. The students will be able to practice effective test taking skills and learn methods to reduce test anxiety.
4. The students will be able to examine the writing section, which is to begin administration in March 2005.